To affect the quality of the day, that is the highest of the arts    Henry David Thoreau
Love of beauty is Taste. The creation of beauty is Art    Ralph Waldo Emerson
Only as high as I reach can I grow, only as far as I seek can I go, only as deep as I look can I see, only as much as I dream can I be.    Karen Ravn
If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader    John Quincy Adams
Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I'm not sure about the former.    Albert Einstein
Life is a gift, and it offers us the privilege, opportunity, and responsibility to give something back by becoming more    Anthony Robbins
Our sun is one of 100 billion stars in our galaxy. Our galaxy is one of billions of galaxies populating the universe. It would be the height of presumption to think that we are the only living things in that enormous immensity    Werner von Braun
For the wise man looks into space and he knows there is no limited dimensions    Lao Tzu
Dreams pass into the reality of action. From the actions stems the dream again; and this interdependence produces the highest form of living    Anais Nin
Knowledge speaks, but wisdom listens.    Jimi Hendrix
You can have everything in life you want, if you will just help other people get what they want    Zig Ziglar
Be the change that you wish to see in the world.    Mahatma Gandhi
The value of a man resides in what he gives and not in what he is capable of receiving    Albert Einstein
What is not started today is never finished tomorrow    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
If my mind can conceive it, and my heart can believe it, I know I can achieve it    Jesse Jackson
Dreams and dedication are a powerful combination    William Longgood
There is nothing like a dream to create the future    Victor Hugo
We have the power to make this the best generation of mankind in the history of the world - or to make it the last    John Fitzgerald Kennedy
An equation for me has no meaning unless it expresses a thought of God    Srinivasa Ramanujan
If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door    Milton Berle
Today, more than ever before, life must be characterized by a sense of Universal responsibility, not only nation to nation and human to human, but also human to other forms of life.    Dalai Lama
Whatever you do, or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius and power and magic in it    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Sometimes the questions are complicated and the answers are simple.    Dr. Seuss
The things that one most wants to do are the things that are probably most worth doing.    Winifred Holtby
Everything in the universe spins to the design of the Fibonacci spiral    Ronald Patrick Marriott
It’s difficult giving unlimited power to limited minds    Nikola Tesla
There can be no hope when there lacks interest for better. There can be no trust when there lacks confirmation of truth. There can be no faith when there lacks complete confidence of purpose.    Adlin Sinclair
If you don't stand for something you will fall for anything.    Gordon A. Eadie
To accomplish great things, we must not only act, but also dream; not only plan, but also believe.    Anatole France
To live is the rarest thing in the world. Most people exist, that is all.    Oscar Wilde
Limitations live only in our minds. But if we use our imaginations, our possibilities become limitless    Jamie Paolinetti
When it is obvious that the goals cannot be reached, don't adjust the goals, adjust the action steps    Confucius
Logic will get you from A to Z; imagination will get you everywhere.    Albert Einstein

No Peace In Space

 Back in December 2019, Donald Trump, with complete disregard for the The 1967 Outer Space Treaty, brings 'Space Force' into being.
When Trump signed the National Defence Authorization Act into law, he also created the newest military service and the first new service in the US since the US Air Force came into being in 1947.
With a signature, Trump brings Space Force into being (CNN)

His attitude, as is common for him, is one of dominance and control. "Those who wish to harm the United States, to seek to challenge us on the ultimate high ground of space, it's going to be a whole different ballgame,"
Trumps Space Command (CNN)

If the US Air Force, Space Command, was already doing the job of militarising the use of satellites, rocket launchers and cyberwarfare, while the Army and Navy have their own space systems. Space Force is the intentional declaration of space as a war zone. (Which paves the way for 'full spectrum dominance').
The Space Force rides roughshod over all international agreements to ensure the peaceful exploration of space, and triggers a weaponisation of space race.
Why Donald Trump’s Space Force is both funny and frightening

In response to the US, NATO declares space an ‘operational domain’.

"You can have warfare exclusively in space, but whoever controls space also controls what happens on land, on the sea and in the air," said Jamie Shea, a former Nato official and now an analyst at Friends of Europe think-tank in Brussels.

"If you don't control space, you don't control the other domains either."

Nato considering declaring space a domain of warfare
NATO declares space ‘operational domain’

France wants to develop laser weapons to protect its satellites. "Today, our allies and our adversaries are militarising space," said Florence Parly (French Minister of the Armies), speaking at a military base near Lyon.
"The timeline for bouncing back is getting shorter, we need to act. Yes, we will develop powerful lasers. It's a domain in which France has fallen behind."
Parly wants the force to be fully capable by 2030. It will receive a €4.3 billion budget.
"Space is now a warfighting domain".
France unveils space weapons plan

And Trump ensures that this is the language that all will assume, insisting on billing space as “the next war-fighting domain". “SpaceCom will ensure that America’s dominance in space is never questioned and never threatened, because we know the best way to prevent conflict is to prepare for victory.”
The language of War

Russia issues the warning: weaponizing space would be a “threat to international security”.
Peace In Space

Space Force is turning the heavens into a war zone. This sixth branch of the US Armed Forces is being put in place in violation of a 1967 treaty signed by virtually all nations on earth. The Outer Space Treaty, formally the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, is a treaty that is the basis of international space law.

The treaty prohibits the placing of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction in space. It limits the use of the Moon and all other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes only and establishes that space shall be free for exploration and use by all nations and that no nation may claim sovereignty of outer space or any celestial body. It treats space as a global commons.

The US falsely claims that it needs the Space Force because Russia and China are developing weapons in space. In fact, China and Russia are seeking to expand the treaty to include a prohibition of all weapons in space. The  US has been fighting the proposed Prevention of Armas Race in Outer Space (PAROS) treaty in the United Nations that would update the 1967 treaty.
Keep War, Environmental Degradation and Profit Out of Space

The 1967 Outer Space Treaty

Article IV of the Outer Space Treaty prohibits placing in orbit around the earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). It also prohibits the testing and the deployment of any kind of weapon on the moon or other celestial bodies.

Article IV

States Parties to the Treaty undertake not to place in orbit around the earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction, install such weapons on celestial bodies, or station such weapons in outer space in any other manner.

    The moon and other celestial bodies shall be used by all States Parties to the Treaty exclusively for peaceful purposes. The establishment of military bases, installations and fortifications, the testing of any type of weapons and the conduct of military manoeuvres on celestial bodies shall be forbidden. The use of military personnel for scientific research or for any other peaceful purposes shall not be prohibited. The use of any equipment or facility necessary for peaceful exploration of the moon and other celestial bodies shall also not be prohibited.

International Legal Agreements Relevant to Space Weapons

Outer Space Treaty of 1967

US Space Force in defience of the The 1967 Outer Space Treaty

Posted by: Colin Hunter

Category: Law


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Created: Wed 12 Feb 2020
Updated: Wed 12 Feb 2020